Kids Page

Animal Facts
Fun Frog Facts
  • A frog is an amphibian. They lay their eggs in water. The eggs hatch into a tadpole which lives in water until it metamorphoses into an adult frog.
  • Tadpoles look more like fish than frogs, they have long finned tails and breathe through gills.
  • An amphibian can live both on land and in water.
  • Although frogs live on land their habitat must be near swamps, ponds or in a damp place. This is because they will die if their skin dries out.
  • Instead of drinking water, frogs soak it into their body through their skin.
  • Frogs breathe through their nostrils while also absorbing about half the air they need through their skin.
  • Frogs use their sticky, muscular tongue to catch and swallow food. Unlike humans, their tongue is not attached to the back of its mouth. Instead it is attached to the front, enabling the frog to stick its tongue out much further.
  • The common pond frog is ready to breed when it is only three years old.
  • Frogs in the wild face many dangers and are lucky to survive several years. In captivity however, frogs can live for much longer.
  • Frogs can see forwards, sideways and upwards all at the same time. They never close their eyes, even when they sleep.

Fun Hedgehog Facts       

  • There are 17 species of hedgehog.
  • They are found in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa and were introduced in New Zealand by settlers.
  • Hedgehogs are nocturnal animals, often sleep during the day in a nest or under bushes and shrubs before coming out to feed at night.
  • Hedgehogs are not related to other spine covered creatures such as the porcupine or echidna.
  • The spines of a hedgehogs, are stiff hollow hairs, they are not poisonous or barbed and cannot be easily removed, they fall out naturally when a hedgehog sheds its baby spines and grows adult spines a process called “quilling”.
  • Hedgehogs have about 5,000 to 6,500 spines at any one time.
  • Most hedgehog species will roll into a tight ball if threatened, making it hard for its attacker to get past the spiky defences.
  • A baby hedgehog is called a hoglet.
  • Hedgehogs communicate through a combination of snuffles, grunts and squeals.
  • Hedgehogs have weak eyesight but a strong sense of hearing and smell. They can swim, climb and run surprising quickly over short distances.
  • For their size hedgehogs have a relatively long lifespan. They live on average for 4 – 7 years in the wild and longer in captivity.
  • Hedgehogs in colder climates such as the UK will hibernate through winter.
  • If hedgehogs come in contact with humans they can sometimes pass on infections and diseases.
  • The hedgehogs is a pest in countries such as New Zealand where it has been introduced, as it does not have many natural predators and eats native species of insects, snails, lizards and baby ground-nesting birds.
Fun Butterfly Facts        
  • Butterflies are insects.
  • A butterfly’s lifecycle is made up of four parts, egg, larva (caterpillars), pupa (chrysalis) and adult.
  • Butterflies attach their eggs to leaves with a special glue.
  • Most caterpillars are plant eaters (herbivores).
  • Fully grown caterpillars attach themselves to a suitable twig or leaf before shedding their outside layer of skin to reveal a hard skin underneath known as a chrysalis.
  • An adult butterfly will eventually emerge from the chrysalis where it will wait a few hours for its wings to fill with blood and dry, before flying for the first time.
  • Butterflies can live in the adult stage from anywhere between a week and a year, depending on the species.
  • Butterflies have four wings.
  • Butterflies often have brightly coloured wings with unique patterns made up of tiny scales.
  • Most butterflies feed on nectar from flowers.
  • Butterflies have taste receptors on their feet.
  • Scientists estimate that there are between 15000 and 20000 different species of butterfly.
  • Birdwing butterflies have large, angular wings and fly in a similar way to birds.
  • Monarch butterflies are known for their long migration. Every year monarch butterflies will travel a great distance (sometimes over 4000 km), females will lay eggs and a new generation of monarchs will travel back, completing the cycle